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22.3.2018 : 1:21

Different architectures for different business models?

The requirement of a single, scalable and configurable architecture will be one of the driving forces for the Future Internet. The variety and heterogeneity of the emerging business models, as well as the dynamic service composition and provision may lead to a situation of many Internets, with different architectural structure, requirements and functionality. Such a scenario will result in a nightmare of maintenance efforts, increased costs, incompatibilities and the like. It is thus important to try to build a single core architecture that maintains properties like configurability, extendibility, scalability and openness. Keeping the core architecture as generic as possible will offer the possibility to easily extend and adapt it to the requirements of the edge. Such a design will follow the rising trend of moving intelligence to the edge of the network.


On the other hand, there are more specialized applications segments e.g. home networking and surveillance, smart cities, e-health services being established- that are really vertical segments. How will these emerging (?) segments and their business models impact architecture?


Session agenda: 

Introduction: undefinedHenrik Abramowics (MANA)

Presentations providing the viewpoint of other groups on this topic:


undefinedFuture Content Networks, Paul Moore, Atos Origin, nextMedia
undefinedManagement and Service Aware Networking Architectures, Alex Galis, UCL, AutoI
undefinedFuture Internet Socio-economics, Simon Delaere, IBBT/VUB
undefinedFuture Internet Service Offer, Stefano de Panfilis, Engineering, Nexof-RA
undefinedTrust and Identity, Volkmar Lotz, SAP, ThinkTrust 


Discussion summary 

eID management including routing and addressing in the Future Internet

The scope of this session encompasses the identities across the various levels (stacks) – networks, services, applications, device and terminals (set of devices) and content, as well as the minimum requirements for identifying user(s) when accessing a resource.


Session agenda: 

undefinedIntroduction to session Jim Clarke, Waterford IT
undefinedPanel session starting with a short description of reference scenario description for eID systems in the Future Internet. Moderator – Marcus Brunner, NEC Labs
undefinedPanelist 1. Networking approaches - Motivation  Ricardo Azevedo Pereira , Portugal Telecom, PORTUGAL  
undefinedPanelist 2. Networking approaches – Research challenges Amardeo Sarma, NEC Labs Europe, GERMANY 
 undefinedPanelist 3. Service/Application approaches - Motivation, Simone Fischer Hübner, Karlstad University, Sweden
undefinedPanelist 4. Service/Application approaches Research challenges 1 , Kai Rannenberg, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany and Jan Camenisch, IBM Zurich, Switzerland 
Discussion with all speakers 
undefinedMoving forward to FIA Valencia and Wrap Up  Chair – Jim Clarke, Waterford IT

What does it mean to conduct experimentally driven research?

Experimentally driven research, based on large scale federated experimental infrastructures is quite a challenge. The mere benefits appear to be the engagement in a validation and assessment loop early in the R&D process. In this way in complex systems, experimentation could be the key for discovery and validation throughout the research process. There is a lot of value in putting end users participating as active testers at an early stage of the R&D cycle. They could become key indicators of several metrics related to the realization of theoretical approaches in tangible real life scenarios. Indicative metrics that could be assessed would be the scalability of solutions, performance, usability, robustness and security of the tested functionality. Reduced time to market of tested products could be the imminent outcome of the whole process.


Relevant topics to be addressed:

Experimentation as a methodology to achieve concrete results: where, how, when?
The experimentation facilities as a service offered to R&D
What are the metrics relevant to experimentations?
The impact to standardization
Large scale experimentation: requirements and limitations
Possible outcome: Ideally a paper elaborating the methodology and its benefits



undefinedIntroduction on Experimentation methodology and speakers, Nancy Alonistioti

undefinedNecessity for experimentation from the PPP point of view, Didier Bourse

undefinedPresentation on the methodology issues and how to experiment, Martin May

undefinedHow the methodology could facilitate the shorter time to product development, Vania Conan

undefinedExperimentation as a methodology to achieve concrete results: where, how, when, Dimitri Papadimitriou


Panel discussion:
A structure of FI research which may be too strict and inhibit research (forced division in many areas). Need for a frequent interaction between the areas and harmonization and cross-validation of activities/ideas.
Experimentation is a mandatory step in the validation of new ideas. FIRE facilities offer the bridge between tests in a lab and in a very large scale.
Migration strategies and coexistence testing are as much important as models validation. FIRE facilities offer also such capabilities.
International collaboration and concertation, also at the technical level is of utmost importance. In particular standardization.

Orchestration Across Networks, Services, Things and Content

What are the orchestration capabilities needed to integrate and govern the complete behaviour and operations of the system-of-systems (i.e. communication-centric systems, information-centric systems, context-centric systems, resource-centric systems, content–centric systems, service/computation-centric systems, device-centric systems, object-centric systems, things-centric systems and management-centric systems)?



undefinedOverview: Alex Galis (UCL)

undefinedNetworks and network management view points - Martin Vigoureux (Alcatel-Lucent)

undefinedContent Networks viewpoints - Jean-Dominique Meunier (Thomson)

undefinedSystem of Systems Viewpoint -  Stefan Schuster (European Software Institute)

undefinedService Level Agreements - Joe Butler (Intel)

undefinedService Composition - Dimka Karastoyanova (Univ of Stuttgart)

Discussion & Summing up

How to measure trust?

Without trust, the Future Internet will not materialise in new business platforms and models strengthening the European economy or novel applications increasing quality of life. The reason lies in the value of interactions over the FI for the stakeholders involved and its distributed ownership / federation, demanding entities to behave as expected in order to not put the values at risk.


A trusted FI, however, does not mean that nothing can go wrong: vulnerabilities of technical solutions are a fact of life (and there is no evidence that they will vanish with the advent of the FI), and they are likely to be exploited by malicious entities. The key to a trusted FI, thus, lies in the ability to assess the risk associated with these vulnerabilities and the likelihood of malicious behaviour as well as having means at hand to mitigate those risks by adequate controls. This allows a user, for instance, when consuming a service, to make informed decisions about the risk upon engaging in a transaction and to mitigate the risk if necessary (or withdraw from the interaction, if either the risk or the mitigation costs are too high).



undefinedIntroduction: Volkmar Lotz - SAP

undefinedProf. Claudia Keser (Goettingen University): Experience with game theory based trust experiments relating reputation systems with trust and trustworthiness. 

undefinedDr. Stephan Neuhaus (University of Trento, Italy): Predictive Security Analysis in the Future Internet

Next steps towards Valencia 2010 - Volkmar Lotz - SAP

What does Future Internet mean for smart cities?

The objective of this session is to foster an understanding on what Smart Cities can expect from the Future Internet and how they can benefit from it, but also how Future Internet research can benefit/strive from Smart City environments. The report of the DG INFSO Task Force on the Future Internet Content identified “Federated, Open, Trusted Platforms (F-O-T Platforms)” as a key concept to enable smart applications and services in a Future Internet. The session aims to bring together researchers, experts and practitioners from a variety of different disciplines, covering but not limited to areas such as Internet technologies, built environment, sociologist, anthropologist, ethnographers, etc. to explore the relationship between Smart Cities and the Future Internet, and to identify and characterise the Federated, Open, and Trusted Platforms that will enable the applications and services that will make our cities “smart”.



undefinedIntroduction to session by Alex Gluhak

undefinedDuncan Wilson (Arup Foresight Innovation + Incubation) – “Designing Smarter Cities - Experience from a technology perspective”

undefinedFiona Williams (Ericsson Research) - “Smart Cities in the PPP agenda”

undefinedDave Carter (Manchester Digital Development Agency) - “Smart Cities - urban living labs supporting regeneration through creativity and innovation”

Panel discussion  

The question of Discovery and Search in the Future Internet

Within the Future Internet content/context-based search is a topic which covers several different communities each with their own language, notations, tools and methodologies. Specifically, Future Internet search can be considered from the viewpoint of media, physical objects or services. One of our main concerns of the FIA Stockholm event will be to bring these communities together and to have an effective dialogue.


undefinedSession goals, Petros Daras, CERTH/ITI
undefinedPerspective of the FCN group, Ralph Traphoener, EMPOLIS
undefinedPerspective of the FISO group, Dieter Fensel, Un. of Innsbruck
undefinedPerspective of the RWI group, Neeli Prasad, Un. of Aalborg
Round Table Discussion, Chair: John Domingue, OU

What does Future Internet mean for enterprise?

The session aims to debate the problem statement: What will the Future Internet deliver for Enterprises?

The intention is to elicit opinions from a broad spectrum of stakeholders of FIA, with a view to creating a common baseline for identifying and prioritising issues in research. Building on that, the intention is also to determine, where possible, what needs to be done to ensure that European enterprises including SMEs would benefit from Future Internet research and its outcomes. In this respect, the session has an emphasis on the application of Future Internet technologies in support of business innovation and enterprise transformation.


To help prepare for the session, a dedicated wiki has been created to elaborate on the Problem Statement and identify specific discussion issues. The session caretakers invite all session participants and interested parties to visit the wiki at and actively contribute to the debate in the run up to the FIA Stockholm.


Chair: Man-Sze Li (IC Focus)

undefinedWelcome and Introduction

Position Statements from a cross-section of Stakeholders

undefinedSergios Soursos (INTRACOM)

undefinedJean-Dominique Meunier (Thomson)

undefinedPaul Moore (ATOS)

undefinedMichele Missikoff (FInES Research Roadmap Rapporteur, CNR-IASI)

undefinedSergio Gusmeroli (COIN Technical Coordinator, TXT)


Open discussion organised into 3 knowledge cafes
Knowledge Café 1 (Moderator/Rapporteur: Jean-Dominique Meunier, Man-Sze Li)
Knowledge Café 2 (Moderator/Rapporteur: Sergios Soursos, Stefano De Panfilis)
Knowledge Café 3 (Moderator/Rapporteur: Sergio Gusmeroli, Michele Missikoff)
Feedback and Summary

Deploying on "Future Internet Research & Experimentation" (FIRE)

The FIRE experimental facilities let us explore whether Future Internet systems operating at scale exhibit the properties and behaviours that we intended when we designed them and tested in the lab, whether systems constructed independently can be integrated together and whether they function as we expect when they are integrated. If we are able to make facilities available for others to use we can also look for emergent properties and emergent usage of systems (e.g. creative use of facilities by users who discover different ways.


1st Specific focus on Trust and Identity
Provide e-Identity facilities

Provide quarantine areas of the testbed:

Observing and monitoring attacks on systems in the public internet (e.g. Honeynets)
Provision of ‘trust services’ e.g. eID on which more trustworthy services can be constructed
Experimental identification of technical vulnerabilities in systems

Experimental work with ‘real’ end users (e.g. living labs)

2nd Specific focus on Software and Services
Explore the application of the Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud paradigm on the FIRE testbeds

Case: Deploy Open Nebula/Reservoir solutions for managing clouds

On reproducibility – Support for basic SLAs, mimic current commercial clouds



undefinedIntroduction - Anastasius Gavras, Eurescom GmbH
undefinedDeploying Service Experiments on FIRE: A OpenNebula / RESERVOIR Perspective - Philippe Massonet, CETIC
undefinedUsing Panlab Federation Mechanisms and Infrastructure for Cloud Experiments - Sebastian Wahle, Fraunhofer FOKUS 
undefinedProvide quarantine areas of the testbed - Nick Wainwright, HP Labs
undefinedDeploying isolated testbeds - Mauro Campanella, GARR, Italy 

undefinedWhat actions are necessary for creating specifications to satisfy such requirements All
Rapporteur: Anastasius Gavras

This session had 2 parts, which were organised as one presentation questioning how these facilities could become part of FIRE, and the second one providing a possible answer. This was followed by an open discussion. The result were actions for creating necessary specifications to satisfy requirements for Trust and Identity and Software and Services.